How Does Pelvic Floor Therapy Help With Urinary Incontinence?

Pelvic floor therapy strengthens muscles to help control urinary incontinence. By improving muscle function, it reduces unwanted leakage. This therapy offers a targeted approach to manage and improve symptoms effectively.

Understanding Incontinence and Its Types

Incontinence, the loss of bladder or bowel control, can be both embarrassing and inconvenient, affecting a person’s emotional, psychological, and social life. Broadly categorized into urinary incontinence, stress incontinence, and urge incontinence, each type has its unique triggers and challenges.

Urinary incontinence refers to the inability to control urine leakage. Stress incontinence, on the other hand, occurs when physical activities like coughing, sneezing, or exercising put pressure on the bladder, leading to involuntary urine leakage. Urge incontinence is characterized by a sudden and intense urge to urinate, followed by involuntary leakage.

The Role of Pelvic Floor Therapy in Managing Incontinence

Pelvic floor therapy is a specialized form of physical therapy that focuses on the muscles of the pelvic floor. These muscles support the bladder, bowel, and uterus. Weakness or dysfunction in the pelvic floor muscles can lead to incontinence and other pelvic health issues.

Kegel Exercises and Muscle Strengthening

One of the cornerstones of pelvic floor therapy is kegel exercises. These exercises involve contracting and relaxing the pelvic floor muscles, which can help strengthen them over time. Regularly performing kegel exercises has been shown to significantly improve symptoms of stress and urge incontinence by enhancing muscle tone and control.

Improving Bladder Control

Pelvic floor therapy also focuses on improving bladder control through various techniques. Therapists may use biofeedback, a technique that helps patients understand how their pelvic floor muscles work and how to control them better. This can be particularly beneficial for individuals struggling with urge incontinence, as it teaches them how to suppress the urge to urinate through muscle control.

Lifestyle Changes and Their Impact

In addition to exercises and biofeedback, pelvic floor therapists often recommend lifestyle changes to manage incontinence more effectively. These may include dietary adjustments to avoid bladder irritants, fluid management to reduce the risk of leakage, and weight management to decrease pressure on the bladder and pelvic floor muscles.

Pelvic Floor Exercises Beyond Kegels

While kegel exercises are widely known, pelvic floor therapy encompasses a broader range of exercises designed to strengthen not only the pelvic floor but also the surrounding muscles, including the hips and lower back. These comprehensive exercise programs aim to improve pelvic health and function holistically.


Pelvic floor therapy offers a multifaceted approach to managing incontinence, providing individuals with the tools and techniques needed to strengthen their pelvic floor muscles, improve bladder control, and make beneficial lifestyle changes. By addressing the underlying causes of incontinence, pelvic floor therapy can significantly enhance a person’s quality of life.

If you or someone you know is struggling with incontinence, consider exploring pelvic floor therapy as a potential treatment option. With the guidance of a trained pelvic floor therapist, many individuals find relief from their symptoms and regain control over their lives.